Egg Quality

Egg Farmers of Nova Scotia is dedicated to ensuring that Nova Scotians have access to a constant supply of fresh, local, high-quality eggs. Eggs produced on local Nova Scotia family farms are found at all retail food outlets in Nova Scotia.

Before they reach the consumer, eggs are received at a grading station where they are washed and sanitized in a high-speed washer that gently scrubs them. Their quality is then examined using a process called candling. The eggs are then weighed and packed into containers with the applicable federal grade name. All egg grading stations in Nova Scotia are registered and inspected by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).

Grade A eggs are identifiable by the Canada A symbol on egg cartons. This symbol is the consumer's guarantee of top quality. Grade A eggs are sold at retail stores in Nova Scotia and all of Canada and meet the following CFIA national standards:

  • Reasonably firm albumen
  • Round, well centered yolk
  • Small air cell (less than 5 mm deep)
  • Clean, uncracked shell with normal shape

Canada Grade A egg sizes are determined by weight:

  • Jumbo – 70 grams or more
  • Extra Large – at least 63 grams
  • Large – at least 56 grams
  • Medium – at least 49 grams
  • Small – at least 42 grams
  • Pee Wee – less than 42 grams